The company's main business:
First, the import and export container
Provide a variety of sizes and types of container exports of goods international transport agents Lanhuo, Dingcang, warehousing and other transport services to ensure the smooth and safe arrival of goods destination.
FCL freight and documentation
1) FCL Freight Forwarding Business Process and Document
(1) business process commission agent → booking → extraction empty box → goods packing → FCL cargo transfer visa → exchange for the bill of lading → shipping
① commissioned by the agent: in the container liner cargo transport process, the owner of the freight forwarders are generally entrusted with the relevant cargo business. The establishment of the freight forwarding relationship is also entrusted by the shipper as the principal, which is established by the international freight forwarding company as the agent. When the owner entrusts the freight forwarder, there will be a freight forwarding power of attorney. In the event of a long-term freight forwarder contract, may use the goods list and other documents instead of the power of attorney.
② booking: After receiving the entrustment, the freight forwarder shall, in accordance with the provisions of the relevant trade contract or letter of credit provided by the owner, make a reservation to the shipping company or its agent before the tranche of the vessel in which it is operated or represented The size of the ship is to accept the booking date, The Interception is generally scheduled for a few days before the date of shipment, in order to customs, 报检, packing, set the port, the system of single work. The shipping information and the shipping information published by the shipping company are important reference materials for the loading and unloading. The freight forwarder must handle the shipping schedule, shipping company, box type and delivery method according to the contents of the power of attorney. In the booking, the freight forwarders will fill the "station receipt" joint, with the list of documents and other documents.
③ to extract empty containers: booking, the freight forwarders should apply for the use of containers, the ship will give arrangements and the issuance of container equipment delivery orders. With the equipment transfer order, the freight forwarder can arrange to extract the required container. For example, in the transport of goods, usually by the freight agent to arrange container trucking company (usually referred to as the collection truck team) to the container empty yard to receive empty containers, can also be arranged by the owner of their own suitcase. No matter who arranged the suitcase, in the empty box, the suitcase should be handled with the container yard empty box transfer procedures, and fill the equipment transfer orders.
④ cargo packing: FCL service is mostly carried out by the freight agent arrangements, and can be in the owner of the factory, warehouse packing or by the owner of the goods by the freight forwarders container freight box. Of course, you can also arrange the goods by the owner of the packing work. The boxer shall fill the container packing list according to the information of the booking list and check the receipt of the station and the packing of the goods.
⑤ FCL cargo visa: by the freight forwarders or consignors are responsible for packing and sealing the whole box cargo, through inland transport transported to the carrier's container terminal yard, and by the terminal yard according to the booking list , Check the station receipt and packing list to receive the goods. Formal cargo shipment before shipment should also be completed on the export procedures. Container terminal yard in the acceptance of the container, that is, on the receipt of the station receipt, and signed the station receipt to the freight forwarders or consignees. The freight forwarder or consignor may issue a bill of lading by the carrier of the signed station receipt.
⑥ in exchange for a bill of lading: freight forwarders or consignors with the signed station receipt, after paying the prepaid freight (in the case of prepaid freight), you can be responsible for the transport of containers or their agents in exchange for bills of lading. After the consignor obtains the bill of lading, he can go to the bank for settlement.
⑦ shipment: container terminal yard or container loading and unloading area according to accept the situation to be loaded containers, to develop a shipping plan, such as boat berthing after the shipment.
(2) FCL export freight forwarding business flow chart
① cargo owners and freight forwarding to establish freight forwarding relationship;
② freight forwarding documents to fill in the timely booking;
③ booking, the freight forwarding will inform the owner of the booking information or the "back to the single" to the owner;
④ freight forwarding application box, made after EIR can be used to empty the container yard to extract the required containers;
⑤ owner "since the pull from the", the first from the freight forwarding office to obtain EIR, and then empty the box, made after the CLP, and according to the
Seeking a heavy box to the terminal yard, that is, to the port area waiting for shipment.
⑥ freight forwarding box to the owner of the designated location of the box, making CLP, and then the heavy box "harbor";
⑦ the owner of the goods will be sent to the freight forwarding CFS, freight forwarding empty box, and CFS packing, production CLP, and then "harbor";
Note: ⑤, ⑥, ⑦ in practice only choose one of the mode of operation.
⑧ owner entrusted freight forwarding agent declaration, 报检, complete the relevant procedures after the delivery of documents on behalf of the scene;
⑨ cargo owners can also declare their own, and the document delivery on behalf of the scene;
⑩ freight forwarding site will be completed after the completion of the documents to the dock yard stowage;
⑩ loading department to develop a shipping plan, the ship company confirmed the implementation of the ship after the operation;
⑩ practice, in the goods can be obtained after shipment of D / R original;
⑩ freight forwarding can be D / R original to the ship to sign the department in exchange for B / L or other documents;
⑩ freight forwarding B / L and other documents to the main delivery.
Note: For convenience, use the two boxes to indicate the same owner.
(3) FCL cargo mainly export cargo documents
① consignor entrusted freight forwarding for transport documents: such documents can be divided into basic documents and special documents. The basic documents that are usually each consignment of goods must have the documents, including export freight forwarders, export goods declaration, foreign exchange verification form, commercial invoices, packing list, weight single (pounds code single), specifications Wait. Special documents are documents other than the basic documents, according to the provisions of the state, according to different commodities, according to different business nature, different export areas to the relevant authorities and customs inspection documents. Such as export license, quota permit, commodity inspection certificate, animal and plant quarantine certificate, health certificate, feed, processing manual, dangerous goods application, packing certificate, quality certificate, certificate of origin and so on. Introduce the export freight forwarders and the relevant dangerous goods documents and related issues.
Entrusting Order For Export Goods (Entrusting Order For Export Goods) referred to as power of attorney. After receiving the power of attorney of the entrusting party, the freight forwarder shall promptly be audited and, in accordance with the requirements, contact the shipping company or its agent in time, if the requirements are unacceptable or the cargo connection is in question, contact the consignor , So as to avoid adversely affected by the work. The power of attorney is the basis of the work of the freight forwarder, such as the shipping matters, the bill of lading records, the freight settlement matters, and so on.
Dangerous goods documents and related issues are as follows.
Dangerous goods due to the explosive, flammable, toxic, corrosive, radiation and other hazardous characteristics, in the import and export transport arrangements on the higher requirements, more difficult, consignments and documents required than ordinary ordinary goods complex, cumbersome. The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) provides for the criteria and procedures for the determination of dangerous goods for maritime transport, and the Rules (Amendment 31 of the 2002 edition) are effective from 1 January 2004 Become a mandatory rule.
First, Shanzhi consignment note. The consignments of dangerous goods must be arranged in accordance with various types of dangerous characteristics, respectively, to pay the consignment checkout for the ship, so that the ship according to a variety of different characteristics of dangerous goods in accordance with the "International Maritime Dangerous Goods Regulations" isolation requirements were stacked Transport, to facilitate security. For example, a letter of credit and the contract at the same time the shipment of oxidants, flammable liquids and corrosive goods of three different nature of the goods, the consignment must be three different types of dangerous goods were made three copies of the consignment note, can not be a consignment note While the ship will be three kinds of nature of the incompatible dangerous goods; otherwise, the ship will be three kinds of incompatible dangerous goods together, easy to produce chemical reactions, causing combustion, explosion, causing accidents. In the case of container transport, avoid incompatible dangerous goods with a container.
Second, the consignment should be provided with the consignment note in the English and Chinese "dangerous goods manual" or "dangerous goods technical certificate" in a number of copies, showing the name, alias, molecular formula, performance, transport precautions, first aid measures, fire methods Content, for port, ship handling, transport of dangerous goods reference.
Third, the consignment must be submitted by the maritime bureau approved the approval of the "packaging dangerous goods safe transport declaration" (referred to as: goods declaration), the ship agent after the ship with the declaration (declaration) and then to the Maritime Bureau The ship shall carry the dangerous goods declaration form (hereinafter referred to as "ship declaration"), and the port department must accept the declaration of the vessel approved by the maritime bureau to allow the ship to load dangerous goods.
Fourth, the consignment should be submitted to the Inspection and Quarantine Bureau issued by the "International Maritime Dangerous Goods Regulations" requirements of the experimental results of qualified "dangerous goods packaging containers use certificate." The certificate is subject to the approval of the Port Authority after the seal is effective, the port loading and unloading operations area with the Port Authority to review the stamp after the certificate, agreed to dangerous goods into the port and check the goods before the inspection and shipment.
Fifth, the container loading dangerous goods, the need to fill in the English "container shipment of dangerous goods packing certificate" in a number of copies, distribution port, ship, ship and maritime bureau.
Sixth, the surface of the dangerous goods packaging must be posted "International Maritime Dangerous Goods Regulations" provisions of the dangerous goods signs and signs, specific signs or marking patterns need to see the list of dangerous regulations; group packaging or container shipment of dangerous goods, Dangerous goods marked and marked outside the goods, in groups of packaging or containers around the need to be affixed with the contents of the same goods inside the box of dangerous goods signs and signs.
Seventh, the United States exports or need to transport the dangerous goods in the United States, the consignment should be provided in English "dangerous goods safety data card (referred to as MSDS) in duplicate, by the ship to the carrier to provide the US port for the record. Dangerous Goods Safety Information Card Need to fill out: overview, hazard components, physical characteristics, fire and explosion data, health hazard data, reactivity, seepage process, special protection measures, special precautions and other nine content.
Article 8 Where a tank container carries dangerous goods in bulk, it shall also provide a certificate of inspection for the tank container.
Ninth, the sale of dangerous goods in the United States or the transport of dangerous goods in Hong Kong, but also need to add a "International Maritime Dangerous Goods Regulations" recommended the use of "dangerous goods declaration."
The shipper consigns dangerous goods and shall, in accordance with the provisions on the carriage of dangerous goods at sea, properly pack and make dangerous goods signs and labels and notify the carrier in writing of their official name and nature and the precautionary measures to be taken; the shipper does not notify or If the notice is incorrect, the carrier may, at any time and any place, remove, destroy or render the goods harmless according to the circumstances without liability. If the carrier is aware of the nature of the dangerous goods and has consented to the shipment, it may still be liable for the unloading, destruction or damage of the goods when the goods pose a physical hazard to the ship, persons or other goods. However, does not affect the sharing of general average.
(Dock Receipt: D / R), which is the main point of the container shipments ("station receipt"): the modern sea liner transport to container transport (pieces of groceries accounted for a very small proportion) As a consignment note for containerized goods. The "station receipt" is now usually booked by the freight forwarding company or its agent, so the consignment note is equivalent to the booking form. China began in 1990, the container multimodal transport industrial test, referred to as "container test." Although the industrial test has ended, but the principle of the three documents has been used so far. The three documents are: the use of the "station receipt" of the export single, import use of the "delivery record" of the single and import and export should use the "equipment transfer orders" single. Is now in the Shanghai port of the "container test" of the "station receipt" joint case, for example, the introduction of its joint design and use:
The first consignor to stay at the end (the original consignment note by the owner Shanzhi after the joint retained, so the first column)
The second joint ship left the end
Third Freight Notification (1)
Fourth Freight Notification (2)
Fifth order (Shipping Order),
Fifth joint (attached page) Application for payment of export goods port (by harbor port accounts receivable)
Sixth joint (light red) station receipt a copy of the vice
The seventh (yellow) station receipt (original)
The eighth joint payment on behalf of the end
Ninth Union (1)
Tenth Coupon Back to List (2)
Eleventh, twelve white paper (now the two white paper is not used)
A set of twelve, the shipping company or its agent to accept the booking after the consignment note on the filling of the name, voyage and number (this number commonly known as the number, with the goods bill of lading number basically consistent), and In the fifth joint bill on the stamp, that confirmed booking, and then two to four retained, the fifth joint all returned to the freight forwarding company. Freight forwarding will be the fifth joint, five with the page, six, seven together a total of four, as a declaration of the use of documents, nine or ten joint consignee (owner) to do with the receipt, the rest for the use of internal links The
Although the consignment note more than 12, the core of the document was the fifth, six, seven joint. The fifth joint is the loading order, stamped with the shipping company or its agent's seal, is the shipping company to the ship responsible personnel and container loading and unloading operation area to accept the loading instructions, customs clearance after the customs clearance in this chapter, Ship side (container handling area) by virtue of this shipment. The sixth port for the port of goods in the goods before shipment to the outer cargo terminal, when the goods shipped with the ship on the transfer of mate. (Usually by the container terminal yard signature), returned to the shipping company or its agent, according to the bill of lading issued by the board of directors (the yellow paper, easy to identify) The
(3) the container with the list: the container pre-allocation list is the shipping company for the container management needs of a document, the list format and content, the shipping companies are roughly the same, generally have bill of lading, ship name, voyage, , Gross weight, size, destination port, container type, size and quantity, packing location and so on. The freight forwarder shall, at the time of booking or in the form of a single or a number of sub-branches, be placed in a single form and, after booking the contents of the booking form, send the shipping company or its agent with the booking document, The list is sent to the empty container stacking point, whereby the equipment transfer order and the empty box are used.
④ Equipment distribution / equipment transfer order: Equipment Interchange Receipt (EIR) is the container entry and exit area, the station, with the box, transport box and the boxer or its agent between the transfer container And the equipment of the certificate, both the issuance of container voucher function, so it is a handover certificate, but also a certificate issued, the container transport, especially on the box management plays a huge role. In the daily business is referred to as "equipment transfer orders."
When the equipment transfer order is used, it shall be carried out in accordance with the relevant provisions of the "Equipment Transfer Order" system. Equipment delivery system should be strictly required to do a box of a single, single-box, box single counterparts. With the boxers, transport boxes by the equipment to hand in and out of the port area, the station, to the equipment to submit a single designated suitcase suitcase, and in the specified location box. At the same time, the use of the box must be in the specified date and place the box and machinery and equipment as the delivery of the state back to the tanker or its agents, the use of the container overdue or rent, with the person should pay overdue use fee; The use of or leased during the occurrence of any boxes and equipment loss and damage, with the person should bear the liability, the corresponding cost standards should also make clear provisions.
In the case of container cargo transport, the shipper (or freight forwarder) may obtain the equipment transfer order from the shipowner after obtaining the order for the shipping company or its agent. Equipment transfer single six, the top triple for the appearance, printed with "appearance OUT" words, the first joint with a shipping company or its container agent's seal, container empty yard with the chest, one, two By the yard after the box to retain, triple by the boxer (freight forwarders) retained; equipment transfer the following triple is the use of the way, printed with "entry IN" words, the triple is shipped in the goods after the box Port operation area of the yard when the transfer of heavy boxes, one of the two by the delivery of goods delivery port crossing, which the second joint port area, the first joint to the ship to grasp the arrival of the container, delivery Person (freight forwarder) retained the third joint as a stub. It can be seen that in the export of container goods, the equipment transfer order is mainly the owner (or freight forwarder) to receive empty box appearance and delivery of heavy truck delivery certificate.
The lower part of the equipment transfer order is the appearance or admission inspection records, by the box (transport boxers) and container yard / terminal staff in the two sides to transfer empty boxes or heavy boxes when the box records, to distinguish Responsibility of the parties. Empty box transfer standard: box intact, watertight, no light, clean, dry, tasteless, box and loading specifications clear; special container machinery, electrical equipment is normal. Heavy box transfer standard: box intact, the box number is clear, sealed completely intact, special container machinery, electrical equipment is running normally, and meet the requirements of export documents.
⑤ container packing list: Container packing list (CLP) is a detailed record of the contents of the container goods, the number of documents such as the contents of each container should be made such a container, it is based on Container made of goods. Whether it is by the consignor own box or container freight station is responsible for packing, responsible for packing people have to make packing list. A container packing list is the only document that details the details of the goods in each container, so it is an extremely important document when it is transported in containers.
The use of container packing list: as the consignor, the container freight station and the container terminal yard between the goods of the document; as the ship to notify the container of goods contained in the list; documents recorded on the goods and The total weight of the container is to calculate the basic data of the drafting and stability of the ship. It is one of the documents for the bonded transport of the container at the place of discharge. When the cargo is damaged, it is one of the original documents dealing with the claim. Unboxing, one of the boxes.
Packing list must be recorded with the station receipt and customs documents on the corresponding matters consistent, otherwise it will lead to adverse consequences. For example: the port of loading wrong and the station receipt does not match, the port may not be equipped, resulting in customs clearance; may also dislocation, so that when the port of discharge can not be unloaded from the shelves of the container unloading; And if the packing box weight or size and the declaration or invoice does not match, the shipping company according to the packing list weight or size Shanzhi bill of lading, manifest, export unit settlement occurs single, single inconsistent, can not settle, this situation, The main reason is that the shipper consignments to the warehouse or factory to obtain the correct data, resulting in digital differences, which, the consignor should pay attention. Packaged goods such as different varieties must be in front of the box (Front) to the door (Door) in order to fill.
(4) the customs clearance of the freight forwarders on behalf of the entrusted units to complete the accommodation and may have completed the customs clearance or goods have been set, but during the shipment for some reason to stop the shipment called shut down (Shut Out). After the occurrence of clearance in addition to clear the situation, to distinguish between responsibility, the urgent task is to make good aftermath.
① document processing: the commissioned by the unit to take the initiative to come forward, the freight agent to receive notice of the principal must be notified as soon as possible after the shipping company or its agent so that the other party in the relevant documents on the cancellation of the goods, and notify the port site Tally personnel to write off the station receipt or loading orders; the other hand, freight forwarders must go to the customs clearance procedures, the cancellation of the declaration and the relevant documents (foreign exchange verification form, export license, commodity inspection documents, incoming Or feed registration manual, etc.) as soon as possible to get back to the principal. If the consignor does not belong to the consignor to withdraw from the initiative due to the ship, the Hong Kong side or customs procedures are not complete and other reasons caused by the customs clearance, freight forwarders in the process of handling the above documents must inform the client to explain the situation and listen To deal with opinions.
② cargo handling: customs clearance, such as the goods have not yet entered the port area, freight forwarders must notify the consignor, set the truck team, packing point to stop shipping, send cars and packing; goods have entered the port, And then shipped to the port area to apply for settlement of goods in the port of the storage costs, the goods pulled out of Hong Kong port after unpacking the consignor; after the return of the ship if the next voyage or the original shipping company Other flights will be shipped, then stay in Hong Kong, to be installed next voyage or other flights of the ship (limited to the same port operations); such as dressing another ship company's vessels, the shipping companies generally only accept the company Of the containers, in this case, the goods must be pulled out of the port to change the container and then sent to the port area.
It is necessary to pay attention to the time required to deal with this work: it is necessary to pay close attention to the time, follow the processing, not delay; the commissioned by the commissioned party should take a positive attitude, but not rash to make Commitment, because the on-site shipping time is very tight, the situation is changing, often difficult to control; internal and external departments, links between the links in addition to telephone, but also to be written notice, from the time boundary to clarify the responsibility.
2) FCL freight import agent business processes and documents
Shipping import freight forwarding business is China's freight forwarding business in the most extensive, the longest line, the largest and most complex freight forwarding business. Complete shipping import business, starting from the foreign goods, including the arrangements for shipment, arrange transport, insurance agents, until the goods shipped to our port after the discharge, delivery declaration inspection, transshipment and other business.
(1) business process freight forwarders accept the commission → unloading to the booking → transport work → 报检 declaration → regulatory transport → extract goods
① freight forwarders accept the commission: freight forwarders and the owner of the relationship between the two sides can be established long-term, it can be signed on a certain batch of goods. In the case of a long-term agency relationship, the client often writes the agent in some of the terms of the contract so that the foreign consignor will contact the agent directly when the relevant part of the contract is carried out to help improve the work Efficiency and avoid contact with the phenomenon of out of touch.
② unloading to the booking: If the goods to FOB price conditions, the freight forwarding to accept the consignee after the commission, the responsibility for booking or charter, and the name of the ship, shipping notice to the consignor's obligations. Especially when using special container transport, should be booked as soon as possible.
③ transport work: pick up work to be timely and rapid. The main work includes strengthening the internal management, ready to pick up the goods, promptly inform the consignee, pool documents, timely contact with the Hong Kong side;
④ declaration: According to the relevant state laws and regulations, import goods must go through the formalities for removal, the consignee to extract the goods. Therefore, we must promptly handle the relevant inspection, customs and other procedures.
⑤ supervision and transshipment: import goods after entry, the general declaration in the port after the release of transport, but by the consignee requirements, approved by the Customs and Excise Department can also be shipped to another location for customs procedures, known as transit transport of goods, Supervise the goods. The applicant for the declaration of transit is required to hold the "customs clearance registration manual" issued by the Customs and Excise Department. The carrier unit that carries the transshipment cargo must be the transport enterprise approved by the customs and hold the "transit transport permit card" When the goods are declared at the time of arrival, the customs must be submitted to the Customs for customs clearance, and the Customs and Excise Department will be submitted to the Customs and Excise Department.
⑥ extraction of goods: freight forwarders to the owner of the delivery of two cases, one symbolic delivery, that is, to document transfer, the goods arrived in Hong Kong by customs clearance, and in the bill of lading stamped with customs clearance chapter, the The delivery order is delivered to the owner and the delivery is completed. Second, the actual delivery, that is, in addition to the completion of customs clearance, the freight forwarders responsible for the port handling area for delivery, and is responsible for the goods shipped to the owner of the designated location, to the owner, the container transport in the box cargo usually need to be responsible Empty box of the box work. The above two kinds of delivery, should do a good job of delivery records.
(2) FCL Freight Forwarding Business Flow Chart (shown in Figure 4.5)
① cargo owner (consignee) and freight forwarding to establish freight forwarding relationship;
② in the buyer to arrange the transport of the trade contract, the freight forwarding for the Home Booking business, the implementation of the goods can be available;
③ goods on behalf of the goods list, to the shipping company for booking procedures;
(4) the freight forwarder informs the seller (the actual consignor) and the port agent in the contract of sale;
(5) the shipping company arranges the loading vessel to the port of loading;
⑥ the actual consignor to the goods to the shipping company, the goods shipped after the consignor to obtain the relevant transport documents;
⑦ between the owner of the transaction procedures and documents;
⑧ freight forwarding master the ship dynamic, collection, custody of the relevant documents;
Note: In the seller to arrange the transport of the trade contract, the former ② to ⑦ items do not need. About Home Please see below.
⑨ freight forwarding in time for the import of goods documents and related procedures
⑩ ship arrived at the port of discharge, goods storage, approach;
⑩ in the handling of goods import declaration and other procedures, you can pick up the bill to the scene delivery, special circumstances can be shipped in the ship;
⑩ freight forwarding arrangements for the goods to pay the consignee, and empty containers back to the empty yard and other matters.
(3) FCL cargo mainly import cargo documents
① shippers entrusted freight forwarding for import freight business documents: These documents include, import freight forwarding power of attorney, import booking contact list, bill of lading, invoices, packing list, insurance policy, import license, mechanical and electrical products import registration form and Including the wooden box packaging fumigation certificate, etc., including other documents.
② "delivery record" joint single: According to the "container test" in Shanghai, the experimental results in the container liner transport in the general use of "delivery record" to replace the single goods in the transport of goods used in the "bill of lading." The nature of the "delivery record" is, in fact, the same as the "bill of lading", which is different in its composition and circulation process.
(Bill); bill of lading (blue); cost bill (red); delivery record. The circulation procedure is: first, the ship's agent usually sends the "arrival notice" to the consignee / agent after receiving the information of the imported goods document; secondly, the consignee / agent receives the " Arrival Notice ", with the original bill of lading (endorsement) to the ship agent in exchange for" bill of lading "and the station, the port of the" cost of billing "joint," delivery record "joint four. Thirdly, the consignee / agent holds the "bill of lading" in the customs within the time limit to prepare the declaration of information, to the customs declaration. Customs acceptance in the "bill of lading" within the provisions of the provisions of the chapter covered chapter. The consignee / agent will be issued with the "bill of lading" and the "bill of lading" issued by the consignee / agent, and the consignee / agent shall, in accordance with the relevant documents, And the "delivery record" joint station or port office for the application for delivery plan, port or station office to check the ship on behalf of the "bill of lading" is valid and the release of the chapter, the "bill of lading" "Fee bill" to stay, for delivery, settlement fees and charges basis. In the fifth joint "delivery record" on the seal, to confirm the completion of the formalities, accept the job application, arrange delivery plan, and agreed to delivery; Fifth, the consignee / agent by virtue of the port or station has been Seal of the "delivery record" to the port warehouse, or station warehouse, yard to extract the goods, after delivery, the consignor should be signed in the provisions of the column to confirm the confirmation of the goods received correct. After the completion of the number of goods listed in the "Delivery Record", the station or port shall be returned to the "delivery record"; and the sixth, the station or the port shall collect the relevant expenses from the "Delivery Record". Fill out the "cost bill" in duplicate. (The blue) "fee bill" joint depository station, port system single department, fourth joint (red) "cost bill" joint consignee to collect the fee of the certificate; seventh, Hong Kong District or the station will be the second joint "bill of lading" and the fourth joint "cost bill" joint, fifth joint "delivery record" retained deposit for future reference.
③ container delivery / equipment transfer orders: container import freight process also need to use the "equipment transfer orders."
(4) Depot on behalf of the unloading of the cargo business agent engaged in the discharge of the booking (Home Booking) business should be the first step in the transport of imported goods, the client must provide all the details of the consignments, usually require the client in the Delivery time a month ago to fill out the "import booking contact list", the number of its number according to the specific circumstances. In addition to unloading to the booking, but also according to the specific circumstances of a similar "discharge of the charter", therefore, it was collectively referred to as the discharge of the charter, booking. This part of this book will be introduced in this section. As the booking link is an important basis for the shipment of the freight forwarders, the items listed must be completed in the correct and correct manner.
① the contents of the booking contact list and fill in the attention of the problem are: contact list "goods name" column must be used in English, fill in the chemical items such as the use of commercial name, must also fill in the chemical name; "weight" (weight) Column to fill the gross weight (if there is moisture containing goods, should be marked "water"), in order to accurately arrange the weight of the goods. Size should be filled according to the size of the package; "contract number" column, foreign trade professional company import contract has a unified specification number; "packaging" column to specify the form and type of packaging in order to accurately calculate the required capacity; Hong Kong "to set out the specific port name, if the same area to choose port, must be provided by the buyer to choose;" terms of sale "column, to the specific conditions of delivery to fill clearly, such as FOB, FOBS, FOBST and so on. If the contract has a special description of the text, it must also be filled out in the booking contact list, if the loading rate, or stagnation terms should also be stated in order to accept the commission according to the actual situation to inform foreign agents and the cost of division; (IMDG CODE grade and United Nations Dangerous Goods Number) and the nature of dangerous goods (eg toxic, flammable, explosive, radioactive); valuables to be added to the goods, The appropriate vessel to ensure the safety of goods; freight rates to distinguish between the level of hardware, steel, to specify the FOB unit price as a basis for payment and audit of freight; for long, overweight cargo, in order to facilitate stowage and do ship Of the preparation work, for each length of more than 9m, the weight of more than 5t, should be marked on the import booking contact; complete sets of equipment and machinery and equipment major pieces (including bare equipment and large box machines) where gross weight more than 20t, Length of more than 12m, the width of more than 3.4m, the height of more than 2.35m are required in the booking contact on a single piece by piece. All kinds of vehicles regardless of whether the long and wide are required to indicate long, wide and high in order to calculate the stowage costs; special goods such as bulk oil, cold storage and fresh goods, made goods booking, should be in the import booking contact list Specific cargo temperature and other requirements.
② booking itself is the exercise of the right to choose: freight agent received a booking form to assume the responsibility of transport arrangements, first of all according to the specific circumstances of the goods to choose the form of transport, in general, the smaller volume of goods, only The use of liner, you can trust the shipping company to care, but its freight must be higher; and the larger the appropriate use of the form of charter. Second, choose the carrier, as a freight forwarder, should be very careful to check the situation of the carrier. To sum up, mainly in the following factors: First, the regularity of transport services. If the goods need to be transported at regular intervals, select the liner. Second, the speed of transport. When the shipper in order to meet a certain kind of goods in the required date of delivery to the demand, will pay more attention to consider the speed of transport problems. As long as they can meet their requirements, will not consider the level of costs. Third, transportation costs. Transport costs are the most important when the regularity and speed of transport are not the main factors considered by the shipper. Fourth, the reliability of transport. Before choosing a shipping company, it is possible to examine maritime fraud by examining its strength and credibility independently. Fifth, operating conditions and responsibilities. To investigate the operating conditions and the responsibilities of the owner or operator of the ship used by the shipper.
③ booking is a contractual behavior: for example, when the charter, a party offer, by the two sides tariffs and conditions of the negotiations, the other party that acceptance, the contract will be established. The liner is made by the shipper and its booking is paid by the shipping company or its agent on the voyage voucher and returned to the shipper. The contract is also set up and the ship is obliged to send the ship on time. Send the goods on time to ship.
④ the way and method of booking: liner shipping the specific practice is to produce "bill" (Cargolist), its contents are from the "import goods booking contact list", should be in accordance with the loading port or area were produced, and sent to the The ship company, the shipping company accordingly stowed, after the confirmation of the correct vessel and loading or contact to solve the existing problems are "bill of lading" on the goods under the number of direct contact. Because the object is not fixed, but in the negotiation process gradually clear up, the process of negotiations may have a lot of objects, it is often carried out by charter brokers, they provide charter market every day, including willing to rent The circumstances of the ship and the demand for the goods of the ship, when a ship is deemed appropriate, the object can be negotiated, after the agent signed on behalf of the lease. Sometimes do not have to wait for a formal lease to be sent, according to the ship's specifications, the main terms of the charter, such as the ship's load period, deadweight tons, scattered / package capacity loading port, handling rate and so on.
⑤ shipping: booking work is completed, according to the loading period for shipment. Most of the practice by the consignor and the ship to carry out the transfer of goods. However, it turns out that the consignor is not legally trustworthy, and therefore it is necessary to appoint a supervisory agent. As the representative of the owner, the supervisor shall, as the representative of the owner, maintain the interests of the goods in accordance with the law, and in the case of the chartering, the timetable and the fact record must be signed by the supervisory agent to ensure that the statements are Is correct to maintain the legitimate interests of the buyer (the tenant).
As a competent freight forwarder should also be concerned about the goods in transit, the goods for the carriage of goods, the shipowners should be required to report on time the ship position; for the liner of the goods if the need for transshipment, should pay attention to its timely transshipment. In short, the booking work must pay attention to the transport of goods, even if an accident occurred, can also be resolved in a timely manner, so that the interests of the client to be better protected.